Role of Organic Farming for Sustainable Agriculture
AbstractConsidering the insufficient usage of natural resources, ecological crisis, rising population, and limitations of the traditional food security in the 21st century, it is extremely important to search for methods to achieve sustainable development Indian agriculture. Organic farming is a modern and sustainable form of agriculture that provides consumers fresh natural farm products. This objective is achieved by using practices to improve soil fertility and soil health (soil physico- chemical and biological properties of soil) without harming the natural environment. Organic farming provides solutions to the problems associated with the degradation of soil health and quality production as well as the people who live and work in it. Organic agriculture offers low external inputs, like as different type of manures (farm yard manure (FYM), Vermicompost, green manure, bio- fertilizers, minerals like gypsum, rock phosphate, neem cake, etc.thereby contributing to increased food availability. As compared to conventional agriculture, organic farming produces cost effective food products, free of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides. In addition, organic farming preservation of the health of the nation, environmental protection and natural resources, employment of young people and women in rural areas, positive impact on slowing down migration to urban areas, and strengthening of the competitiveness of national agriculture and economy, enough evidence is available to prove that organic crops are a better source of nutrition than their corresponding conventional forms.